The Most Famous Diamonds in the World

T he Most Famous Diamonds in the World

The word Diamond comes from the Greek word ‘Adamas’ meaning unconquerable and indestructible. In the spectacular Luxury edition of Urban Vaastu, the Editorial team brings you a list of the most luxurious, most stunning & most famous diamonds in the world.

Words: Team Urban Vaastu

The Great Star of Africa
Measures: 530.20 Carat

This pear shaped diamond is the largest cut diamond in the world.

This 74 faceted beauty is set in the Royal Scepter with the other Crown Jewels in the Tower of London.

The Great Star of Africa2

The Orloff
Measures: 300 Carat

The Orloff is majestic bluish green in colour.

It is exceptionally pure.

It is currently in the Diamond Treasury of Russia, Moscow.

The Orloff

THE LEGEND:

The Orloff may have been set at one time as the diamond eye of Vishnu’s idol (one of the Hindu Gods) in the innermost sanctuary temple in Sriangam, before being stolen in the 1700s by a French deserter. However, the deserter just dug one eye from its socket, because he was terror-stricken at the thought of retribution, so he couldn’t take the other. He went to Madras, and sold the stone quickly to an English sea-captain for 2,000 pounds.

The time passed, the stone arrived at Amsterdam where the Russian count Grigori Orloff, an ex-lover of Empress Catherine the Great was residing. He heard about rumours of the stone, and he bought the diamond for 90,000 pounds and took it back to Russia for Catherine’s favour. The stone has been called the Orloff since then. Catherine received his gift and had it mounted in the Imperial Sceptre. She gave a marble palace to Grigori in exchange for the Orloff. However, Grigori couldn’t get Catherine’s love. Grigori Orloff passed away at the nadir of disappointment in 1783.

In 1812 the Russians, fearing that Napoleon with his Grand Army was about to enter Moscow, hid the Orloff in a priest’s tomb. Napoleon supposedly discovered the Orloff’s location and went to claim it. However, as a solider of the Army was about to touch the Orloff, a priest’s ghost appeared and pronounced a terrible curse upon the Army.

The Emperor, Napoleon scampered away without the Orloff.

Source: internet

The Regent
Measures: 140.50 Carats

Discovered in India in 1698, the Regent was acquired by the Governor of Madras, Thomas Pitt, who sent it to England where it was cut.

It has an incontestable reputation as being the most beautiful diamond in the world.

The Regent

The Time line of The Regent

1698
Discovered in India

1717
Purchased for the French Crown

1722
Adorned the band of Louis XV’s silver gilt crown

1775
Adorned Louis XVI’s crown

1801
Figured on the hilt of the First Consul’s sword (Fontainebleau, Musée Napoléon 1st)

1825
Worn on the crown at the coronation of Charles X

NOW
On display at the Louvre Museum in Paris

Koh-I-Noor
Measures: 105.60 Carat

The name of the diamond means ‘Mountain of Light’.

It dates all the way back to 1304 and is now a part of the British Crown Jewels.

Koh-I-Noor

THE JOURNEY OF THE KOH-I-NOOR:

The diamond was captured by the Rajas of Malwa in the sixteenth century by the Mogul, Sultan Babur and remained in the possession of later Mogul emperors. It may have been set in the famous Peacock Throne made for Shah Jehan. After the break-up of the Persian empire the diamond found its way to India. It may have travelled to Afghanistan with a bodyguard of Nadir Shah, who fled with the stone when the Shah was murdered, to be later offered to Ranjit Singh of the Punjab in exchange for military help (which was never delivered). After a fight broke out between the Sikhs and the British, The East India Company claimed the diamond as a partial indemnity, and then presented it to Queen Victoria in 1850. When the stone came from India, it weighed 1986 carats; it was later recut to 108.93 carats. It was first worn by the Queen in a brooch. It was later set in the State Crown, worn by Queen Alexandra and Queen Mary, and 1937 was worn for by Queen Elizabeth for her coronation. It is kept in the Tower of London, with the other Crown Jewels.
Source: internet

The Idol’s Eye
Measures: 70.20 Carat

The Idol’s Eye is a flattened pear-shaped stone the size of a bantam’s egg. Another famous diamond that was once set in the eye of an idol before it was stolen.

Legend also has it that it was given as ransom for Princess Rasheetah by the Sheik of Kashmir to the Sultan of Turkey who had abducted her.

The Idol's Eye_1
The Sancy 2

The Sancy
Measures: 55 Carat

It was first owned by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who lost it in battle in 1477. The stone is in fact named after a later owner, Seigneur de Sancy, a French Ambassador to Turkey in the late 16th century. He loaned it to the French king, Henry III who wore it in the cap with which he concealed his baldness.

Henry IV of France also borrowed the stone from Sancy, but it was sold in 1664 to James I of England. In 1688, James II, last of the Stuart kings of England, fled with it to Paris. It disappeared during the French revolution.

The Centenary Diamond
Measures: 273.85 Carat

It was discovered in Premier Mine, in July 1986 and weighed 599.10 Carat in the rough.

Master-cutter Gabi Tolkowsky and his team worked for almost three years to complete its transformation into the world’s largest, most modern-cut, top-colour, flawless diamond.

The Centenary Diamond