Every day is another chance to get stronger, to eat better, to live healthier and to be the best version of you” – Anon
WORDS: JOJO VARGHESE
What is fitness?
Fitness is the condition of being physically fit and healthy.
The US Department of Health and Human Services defines physical fitness as “a set of attributes that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity”.
This description goes beyond being able to run fast or lift heavy weights. Despite being important, these attributes only address single areas of fitness. This article provides details of the five main components of physical fitness.
When it comes to fitness, these components include:
Cardiorespiratory fitness – Typically measured by how long or fast a person can perform an activity and how this impacts measurements such as heart rate and oxygen consumption.
You can include these activities in your daily exercise:
Muscular strength – Typically measured by how much weight can be moved in relation to repetitions.
Exercises involving multiple joints and muscle groups such as squats or bench press are often used.
Muscular endurance – Measured by how many repetitions of an exercise a person can perform. Common tests involve push-ups and sit ups.
Body composition - This is the amount of fat on the body versus other tissues such as muscle, bones and skin. It is measured using a variety of tests and devices. Simple tests using mathematical equations or calipers are common and inexpensive. More advanced tests such as underwater weighing are far less common and much more expensive.
Flexibility - Measured by how far a muscle group can be stretched or a joint can be moved. The most common tests involve the hamstrings and shoulders.
So, you can tell if someone is physically fit by determining how well they perform in each component.
Jojo Varghese is a fitness coach. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org or (+91) 8511333884