Forming an extremely eclectic style that takes inspiration from many Mediterranean touches, Spanish-style homes combine several influences such as Spanish Baroque, Moorish and Gothic. Inspite of leveraging so many influences, the style is calming with a harmonious appearance.
WORDS: RINKU B
SPANISH style design for homes refers to the typical style used by Spanish colonial settlers in their colonies. This kind of architectural style originated in the 17th and 18th Century Spain and was seen in the ornate buildings of that era. The most visible characteristics include simple red rooks with stucco walls, a colourful mosaic of tile work and complicated wrought iron detailing that add splendour to the design.
When one speaks of Spanish-style homes, it typically refers to a series of design characteristics such as flat or gently sloped red-tiled roofs; eaves that don’t overhang; arches over doors, windows and/or porches; stucco walls; and asymmetrical external construction, such as an off-centre door.
Some exterior elements that best define its typical style include:
1. White stucco exterior and walls – A distinct characteristic of Spanish-style homes is the roughly textured walls made by mixing cement, sand or lime and water, best suited for the temperate weather of Spain. These walls appear like an aged-looking old world surface are then painted with fresh white paint to ensure the heat is reflected.
2. Curves and arches – Spanish-style homes also boast of distinct curved stair cases, archways, arcades and entrances. Besides adding aesthetic relief, they also ensure the home looks distinct and outdoorsy as most Spaniards spent a lot of time sitting outdoors due to their mild Mediterranean climate.
3. Hand-painted tiles – Any lover of Spanish-designs will tell you that colourful, hand-painted tiles are an important part of any Spanish décor. The tiles depicting traditional designs in bright hues add colour and lift the mood of any home.
4. Use of terracotta roof tiles – Almost all Spanish-style homes use terracotta roof tiles made with red clay that give all home a warm, earthy and ethnic look. The tiles are often used in multi-levels to create a symmetrical, interesting look.
5. Ornamental wrought-iron work – The Spanish also used wrought-iron in ornamental designs for the sturdiness as well as the definitive design appeal it brought to the home. Finely crafted wrought iron work is used extensively in stair railings, gates, window grilles and lanterns. Wooden doors and gates use wrought iron very frequently to add the extra touch of detail and design in them while spiral staircases use wrought-iron for their railings.
6. Tall tower-like chimneys – Typical to Spanish-homes were tall, tower-like chimneys flanked by neat terracotta tiles. They also included wooden mouldings and small windows with decorative ledges.
• Low-pitched ceramic tile roof – usually red
• Little or no eave overhang
• One or more prominent arches over door or main window, or under porch roof
• Usually stucco siding
• Asymmetrical facade
• Wrought iron ornamentation or railing
Red tile roofs, white roughcast stucco, heavy robust wood accents around windows, doors and eaves make up the Spanish style. Ornamental wrought iron appears in grillwork over windows and door openings, and iron accents turn up in lanterns, sconces and railings. Patterned tile turns up as accents in the stucco in open-ended gables and on stair risers.