Mumbai’s Victorian Gothic, Art Deco Wins UNESCO Status

The Elephanta Caves and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) now have companions on the UNSECO World Heritage Site List. As of June 30, Mumbai’s Victoria Gothic and Art Deco ensemble was given the greenlight by ICOMOS (International Council for Monuments & Sites), an advisory body to UNESCO.

The Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai is a collection of 19th century Victorian Neo Gothic public buildings and 20th century Art Deco buildings in the Fort area of Mumbai. This collection of the Victorian Gothic buildings and Art Deco buildings are set around the Oval Maidan, a large recreational ground that was once known as the Esplanade. The east of the Oval is flanked by the Victorian Gothic public buildings and the western side is flanked by the Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive.

The buildings around the Fort, Churchgate and Marine Drive area are included in the Heritage Site tag, with notable structures such as the Bombay High Court, Elphinstone College, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS) being considered among the collection of Victorian, Neo-Classical and Indo-Saracenic architecture.

Residential buildings along Oval Maidan, around the Cricket Club of India and the first row of buildings along Marine Drive are part of the Art Deco buildings, as well as Regal and Eros Cinemas.