Historical Cities of the World

While many predict that the future will be dictated by mega-cities that offer the best and have transformed themselves to meet the demands of the new tech-race, a few cities are still known for their historical lineage and form a strong backbone of our civilisation. Let’s take a look!


Varanasi, India
Varanasi or Benaras (or Kashi) is one of the oldest cities of the world, dating back to 11th Century BC. Located in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the holy river Ganges, the city is home to many temples and ghats (banks) that offer beautiful, serene glimpses of the river. It is one of Hinduisms’ seven holy cities and many come to its banks to perform last rights as it is believed that those who die here will be granted eternal life.

Athens, Greece
The capital city of Greece, it is often said that Athens played a fundamental role in shaping the Western world into what it is today. The city has been inhabited for over 7000 years and by 1400 BC, it was already prominent in the ancient world. Its central location made it a cultural melting pot for commerce and shaping creative exchange like drama, literature, science and philosophy. Even today, the city is well known for its culture, arts, media, and entertainment, commerce and finance offerings.


Istanbul, Turkey
When Istanbul was known as Constantinople, it was the capital of the Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), after the fall of Rome. It was also a significant stop in the Silk Route. Due to the country’s unique central location between the East and the West, most classical civilisations played some role in shaping the history of this famed city. A great example is the Hagia Sophia, which was a massive church under the Byzantine Empire that was converted into a mosque during the Ottoman rule.