Varaha shows how one can merge with the supreme self or Paramatma
WORDS: MADHURI. Y
Varahopanishad is the discussion between the Varaha avatar of Lord Vishnu with Ribhu maharshi. It is the 98th of the 108 Upanishads.
After undertaking penance for 12 deva years, sage Ribhu visits Varaha who wishes to grant a boon. He asks Varaha to explain the concept of Brahman, the ultimate reality, the knowledge of which brings liberation.
Its five chapters in 247 verses discuss the tattvas, supreme knowledge, non-dualism, stages of learning, and yoga.
Tattvas are principles which, Varaha states, include the sense organs, organs of action, vital airs, principles of perception and faculties of knowledge.
He further explains the elements, the gross, subtle and causal bodies, states of consciousness, stages of change, infirmities, the body’s sheaths, foes, jiva aspects, gunas, types of karmas, the types of actions, and of thought and directions, making up 96 tattvas. The supreme is beyond these tattvas and worshipping him removes ignorance and takes a person to salvation whatever outer bodily form he maintains.
In Chapter 2, Varaha explains brahmavidya.
One attains spiritual liberation through sincere desire for it and by building shama, the six virtuous qualities, which are tranquillity, self-restraint, not craving reward, endurance, faith and meditation.
He further explains that those who know their self, have no thought of caste or their stage of life. Discussing sankalpa, he says that a person becomes what he thinks, and it is thought that gives the world its appearance. The cycle of birth is a dream and a jivanmukta is one who is liberated from samsara through self-knowledge.
Meditating at the right time expands one’s wisdom to that of the liberated soul, bringing the soul close to the supreme soul. AUM is the means to meditate upon the nature of the self and the supreme self.
In Chapter 3, Varaha explains that in the eyes of God, everyone is equal and is the absolute